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Lactacyd®. Your intimacy deserves to be protected. Every day.  

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Causes

The vagina is prone to many types of infection when unprotected. This is serious business. Get to know the different sources of irritation to keep you safe.

Candida Albicans

Candida Albicans

This is a parasitic fungus that causes vaginal yeast infections. The disease produced by this fungus is called candidiasis, where there are swollen, cottage cheese-like patches in the vagina (interior) and on the vulva (exterior). When these patches are removed, raw and bleeding areas will be visible and can be extremely painful.

This fungus should be treated immediately when detected because it may spread to other parts of the body like the skin, mucus membrane, heart valves and the esophagus. Candidiasis can even cause life-threatening systemic infections among people who have very weak immune systems like diabetics and those with HIV.

If you’re a woman suffering from candidiasis or vaginal yeast infections, you know the agony you go through everyday: vaginal soreness, an itchy, burning feeling on the vaginal skin, and excruciating pain when urinating.

Those who are prone to develop this vaginal infection are diabetics, pregnant women and menopausal women, users of antibiotics, birth control pills, and steroids. Women who always wear tight and non-cotton clothing, and those who use perfumed feminine hygiene sprays can be also vulnerable to Candidiasis. All these factors disturb the natural pH balance of the vagina and in turn create an environment well-suited for the fungus to grow in excessive amounts.

According to research, 75% of women will experience one episode of vaginal yeast infection during their lifetime. However, candidiasis in not considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

 

Trichomonas Vaginalis

Trichomonas Vaginalis

This parasite causes the vaginal infection called trichomoniasis, an infection of the urogenital (urinary and genital) system by a one-celled protozoan (parasites that live in water). Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) but can also be spread by use of contaminated wet towels, clothes, or bathing suits since these parasites can survive up to 24 hours in a moist environment. Bacterial vaginosis (BV), another kind of vaginal infection, usually accompanies trichomoniasis.

Any woman infected with this disease will see a yellow-green, frothy vaginal discharge with a foul odor. Secretion of this fluid will be in excessive amounts. The vulva, or outer regions of the vagina will also experience redness, swelling, pain, heat and itching. An increase in the frequency of urinating will also take place.

Trichomoniasis almost always thrives in an environment where there is hypoacidity (lessening of the normal vaginal acidity) — a condition caused by menstrual blood, and when the vaginal pH is neutralized due to presence of high-alkaline semen during sex. Also, when there is already presence of other vaginal infections like Bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis will surely grow and develop.

 

Gardnerella Vaginalis

Gardnerella Vaginalis

An overgrowth of the bacteria gardnerella vaginalis due to vaginal pH imbalance leads to bacterial vaginosis (BV), a common vaginal infection that can co-exist with other pathogens (disease-causing organisms). The root cause of the bacteria is unknown but usually women who have multiple sexual partners and engage in oral sex are those who are in high-risks in acquiring this disease.

If you are infected with BV, you will experience increased amounts of vaginal discharge that are grey or white, and are thin and watery. Similar with other vaginal infections, this secreted fluid will have a fishy odor, increased immediately after sex.

Unfortunately, for someone who is pregnant, BV may lead to pre-mature birth and can even infect her new-born baby.

Almost half of the women infected with BV do not display symptoms. It is always best to have yourself checked with or without signs. Do it for yourself. Do it now.

 

Different Types of Vaginal Infection Caused by an Increase in Alkalinity

Different types of vaginal infection caused by an increase in alkalinity

Sources

  • CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) Treatment Guidelines 2006.

  • Jenkinson F. et al. Interactions between Candida species and bacteria in mixed infections. Polymicrobial Diseases 2002. Edited by Brogden K and Guthmiller J.

  • Vaginal Infection by eMedicineHealth, a Practical Guide to Health 2009. www.emedicinehealth.com Acessed March 2009.

  • The World Book Encyclopedia by World Book International 1996. Volume 20 pp. 299–300.

  • MSN Ecyclopedia & Dictionary 2008. www.encarta.msn.com Accessed March 2009.

  • Vaginal Discharge by The Mickinley Health Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 2008. www.mckinley.uiuc.edu Accessed March 2009.